The volume of sea ice in the Arctic hit a new low this past winter, according to observations from the European Space Agency’s (Esa) Cryosat mission.
During March/April – the time of year when marine floes are at their thickest – the radar spacecraft recorded just under 15,000 cu km of ice.
In its three years of full operations, Cryosat has witnessed a continuing shrinkage of winter ice volume.
It underlines, say scientists, the long-term decline of the floes.
Thirty years ago, there were perhaps 30,000 cu km at the height of winter.
While there has been a great deal of attention focused of late on the falling extent (area) of sea ice in the Arctic, especially during summer months, researchers emphasise that it is volume that provides the most reliable assessment of the changes now underway in the northern polar region.
The provisional Cryosat data was presented here at Esa’s Living Planet Symposium in Edinburgh, UK.
Prof Andy Shepherd, from Leeds University, said: “Now that we have three years of data, we can see that some parts of the ice pack have thinned more rapidly than others. At the end of winter, the ice was thinner than usual. Although this summer’s extent will not get near its all-time satellite-era minimum set last year, the very thin winter floes going into the melt season could mean that the summer volume still gets very close to its record low,” he told BBC News.
And Rachel Tilling, who is working through the data at University College London (UCL), added: “Cryosat will be able to confirm whether or not a minimum volume was reached this summer once the ice starts to refreeze in the Autumn.”