Prof Dr Md Waziul Alam Chowdhury, Director of the National Institute of Mental Health and Research, urges people in an exclusive interview with The Guardian in November 2013.
He speaks on the ailment and treatment facilities available in Bangladesh.
Prof Waziul Alam mentioned around 16 percent of the total population of the country have mental complications in mild or critical level.
He called upon people to come out of superstition about the mental illness, saying it is like any other diseases so it should be treated scientifically.
The mental institute chief stressed the need for mass awareness to remove the superstation and suggested people not to call a mentally ill person mad.
He emphasized on rehabilitation of the mentally ill people to reduce burden on the society.
Prof Waziul Alam Chowdhury said the objectives of establishment of the institute included to deliver modern services to the mentally ill people in the community, to develop qualified and trained manpower, to help provide mental health services through primary health care system, to conduct researches in the field of mental health.
The available mental health services in Bangladesh are inadequate in comparison to the need of the community, he said. “Since the establishment of the institute the authorities have been trying to achieve the goal. We need extended support from the government to achieve the defined goal of establishment of the institute.”
He said a national survey on mental health sponsored by WHO revealed that majority of mental disorders in the community are non-psychotic mental disorders but majority of the patients admitted in the institute are psychotic in nature.
This is explained by the fact that the patients with psychotic disorders are usually insightless, disturbing and sometimes aggressive in nature. They are difficult to be managed in the community and frequently need admission in the hospital.
While majority of patients with non-psychotic disorders (neurotic disorders) are usually being managed at the outpatient department and in the community. So they are less frequently admitted.