Give me a good mother, I shall give you a good nation. This proverbial verse reminds us to the name of Napoleon, Napoleon Bonaparte, the master of war in Europe. Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in the island of Corsica which was under France.
Out of French Revolution emerged Napoleon. French, the republican France, that has challenged and dared the kings of Europe, succumbed to this new Corsican.
A strange wild beauty had France then. A French poet Barboire compared her to a world animal.
A proud free mare with her head high and shining skin, a beautiful vagabond, freely intolerant of saddles and harness and reins stomping on the ground and her neighing. The proud mare consented to be ridden by that young man from Corsica, the man did many wonderful deeds with her.
But Napoleon had tamed her and made the wild thing lose all her wildness and freedom. And he exploited her and exhausted her till she threw him down or she fell herself.
As ambitions carried him to the Europan continents, he began to think of Europe as one state and one unit, with one law and with one government.
Governing with meta physical and philosophical region of thoughts, Napoleon through of Religion as the only useful political instrument, a national imaginative, a social cement, a safety valve. “I will fuse all the nations of the world into one, remarked Napoleon once.
Once while Pandit Nehru, Jawharlal (Popularly knows as “Pandit Nehru than the hon’ble Prime Minster of India) remarked- “Religion, it is of woman’s affairs”, who educate her kid from childhood to manhood. According to Sigmundt Freud, a great psychologist, “mother is the first teacher of a man”.
Prime Minister Pandit Nehru went on to preach “mankind is my teacher, and the whole world is my class room. A statesman is always a student, the first servant of the sovereign, when he dose good, he feels well, when he does something bad he feels more than worse, and this is his religion.
To compare and contrast between these two world-wonder great guys: to some critics, Napoleon was orthodox, while Nehru was optimist to all.
Physically, Napoleon was short and Nehru was tall.
Never the less, pragmatism of both of them was equally unparalleled unprecedented and praise worthy all the world over for human development.
Days beck from, memories recollect, later chastened by his exile in St. Helena, that idea of Napoleon’s thought about the nations came back to Napoleon and in a more impersonal form-
“Sooner or later the union of European Nations will some day be brought by the force of events. The first impetus had been given ……..and by the fall of my system it appears to me that only one thing with which and equilibrium can be achieved in Europe, is through a league of Nations.
More than one hundred years Europe was still groping and experimenting with the League of Nations.
Napoleon a mighty hero in the rank of the General, the Emperor of France for consecutive ten years and one who helped in freeing humanity from many of its burdens. Coverage, he had and self confidence and imagination and amazing energy and vast ambitions. The dominating impulse of Napoleon’s life was not the pursuit of high honour but the quest of power. “Power is my mistress and the conquest of “that mistress” has cost me so march that I will allow no one to robe me of her or to share her with me” declared Napoleon.
French Philosopher Jeans Jaques Roussean wrote in 1762. “I have a presentiment. This little island of Corsica will one day astonish Europe.”
Seven years later, on an August day of 1769 there was born the boy Napoleon to justify the predication.
On the contrary, by the icy touch of ill fate Napoleon, in the long run, the Emperor of France died a fetal dead.
An English Fleet under Nelson met in a battle to the counter attack of Napoleon in Waterloo on June 08, 1815. It was Napoleon’s sixtieth and perhaps the final battle. After vainly trying to strengthening the fighting, all his efforts came to an end, and he fell.
Then on a sudden impulse or whether the seas were feasted with the British Cruisers, he entrusted himself at his free will, not as a prisoner of war but as a private person. The continent- throbbing Napoleon, however urged like crying in the wilderness- I came like the mistocles to through myself upon the hospitability of the British people. I place myself under the protection of your laws. At last he tried an appeal without success.
At the end to combat an instant demand for abdication, to abide by the dreadful destined fate, the great war hero General Napoleon signed the renunciation on June 22. Napoleon’s STAR set down forever. At Polymath Herbour he learnt his sentence exile, in St. Helena. There on the windswept rocky island in the south of Atlantic, after nearly six years of duration in exile, Napoleon died on May-05, 1821.
War is an anarchist” – Napoleon said- “some day victory will be won without the canon and without bayonet”. He preached -there are two powers in the world-
“The spirit and the sword. Day or tomorrow sword with be conquered by the spirit”. But alas! circumstances were too much to him which allowed him no penance in life.
It is difficult to Judge the extraordinary great personality, and that Napoleon was great in his own way of extraordinary. He was elemental, almost like a force of the nature. Napoleon had the magnetism of greatness. His glance, like that of Akbar, the great was magnetic.
Napoleon married a wife, Josephine Beanharnais who was, by birth and previous marriage of noble rank. His second marriage marked the measure of his triumph over old Europe; it marked too the victory of dynastic idea over the Revolution, the power of royal entail upon the career of individual genius. When in 1811, am heir was born, the pledge of perpeluance seemed to have been given to his greatness and the proudest Imperial memories was recalled in the title of the King of Rome. The Napoleonic Empire was at its height.
Napoleon wrote a last Testament in which he left a message to his little son, whom he had called the king of Europe.
Reigning all through the political horizon, in his personal home works, Napoleon was simple and never indulged in any excess, except, excess of works. To ride 100 miles in the course of morning and evening was not an extraordinary thing for him.
But to the end, the glory of magnificent career of the emperor of war, the great Emperor of France, General Napoleon Bonaparte in his short lived life term went to an inevitable end.
Some of his ministers were treacherous and intrigued against him. Talluyrand intrigued with the Tsar of Russia, Founche intrigued in England. In Bangladesh, Bangabandu Sk. Mujibur Rahman, father of the Nation, became the victim of treachery in the same manner, by some of his most reliable persons that led to the tragic end of his life along with the most of his family members, leaving only two survivals. Sk, Hasina and Sk. Rehena, daughters of Bangabandhu, who were at abroad on personal tour earlier, days before that earlier hours of August 15, 1975, the hour of ever brutal killings in history since the inception of civilization. Sk. Hasina, the eldest issue of Banglabandhu, has become thereafter, the President of Bangladesh Awami League by People’s verdict and to her credit, has been elected the hon’ble Prime Minister of Bangladesh (for two terms, the time of writing the article). Under the dynamic and prudent leadership of Prime Minister Sk. Hasina her democratic Government has arranged successively legal judgment for the treacherous and the killers of the father of the nation and the killers of his family members an the national leaders too.
Notably here to note, Napoleon caught “the men” in their treacherous fault but merely upbraided them and even allowed them to continue as his ministers, and so was Napoleon, as he was named -the man of destiny.