Reflections on education policy 2010 and people’s participation

Fine Arts and Crafts Education

The primary aims and objectives of Fine Arts and Crafts education are:

u          to enrich learners’ minds and intellect to nourish their attitudes and persuade them to exercise discipline in their mental world and work;

u          to inspire students to nurture an aesthetic life; motivate them in the pursuit of arts and  help them become professional as they acquire necessary skills;

u          The present-day world represents serious marks of decay with the dangerous volume of increasing drug addiction among the youths. This education may play an effective role to resist this danger through the cultivation of disciplined intellectual exercises.

v Strategies

u          Fine Arts and crafts will be introduced at the primary and secondary levels as an optional subject. Measures will be taken for phase-wise teaching of different forms of Fine Arts and Crafts education at both levels in all the educational institutions.

Special Education, Health and Physical Education, Scout, Girls’ Guide and Bratachari

A. Education for challenged learners: Special education Strategies

u          Survey will be conducted to find out the exact number, type of challenges and to categorize the handicapped population as per the degree of their disabilities.

u          As per necessity, a coordinated education system will be initiated in some selected schools for the education of the challenged children so that they can quickly receive it in company with the normal children.

u          Under the integrated education program, at least one teacher of each school will be trained properly to instruct the challenged children.

u          A properly trained teacher will be recruited to look after physical education and sports for these children.

u          PTIs will arrange training for teachers of the school for disabled children about the integrated education program and for the teachers delivering special education. Steps will be taken to establish   training colleges/institutes.

B. Health and Physical Education

The aims and objectives of Health and Physical Education are

u          to encourage the students to take physical exercise for keeping fit and help create a sense of discipline and punctuality.

u          to introduce physical education as a compulsory subject at primary and secondary levels;

u          to keep the children away from the dreadful curse of drug by providing appropriate environment for sports.

u          to encourage courses of physical education at college and university levels.

C. Scout, Girls’ Guide and BNCC

u          to help grow up the children, adolescents and youths as self-respectful, independent, honest, morally sound, enterprising, caring, health-conscious and above all, good citizens of country;

u          to help the youths acquire the qualities to become responsible (at national and international levels), self-conscious and philanthropic persons by developing their personality through the cultivation of the programs of scout and girls’ guide;

u          to help the students of college and universities to acquire efficiency, sound moral attitudes and discipline through the exercises under BNCC.

D. Bratachari

The objectives are:

u          to help students to become good citizens; to show dignity of manual labour; to cultivate secularism; to become diligent; to make collective efforts to build up the country and to serve the common people;

u          to help grow up the young people to become dedicated to physical exercises, hard-work, philanthropy and liberal thinking.

Sports Education 

v Strategies

u          In order to extend sports education at primary and secondary levels, one school for sports will be established in each administrative division of the country.

u          Education at the schools of sports will not create any complication to undergo higher education in the general stream. So the subjects included in the uniform curricula at primary and secondary levels will be taught as compulsory subjects in the schools of sports too.

u          To expand sports education and to popularize it, annual sports completion will be organized at inter-school/college and national levels.


v Strategies

u          Every school will have a library enriched by necessary books for the students.

u          Each upazila headquarters will be equipped with a public library. One of its responsibilities will be to supply books to primary/secondary schools. By phases, these libraries will be run through ICT system.

u          Enriched libraries will be set up in every college and university. All research journals will be collected through electronic subscription. All libraries of the country will be connected through networking. By phases, digital edition of books and journals will be made available.

Examination and Evaluation

v Strategies

u          Proper attention will be paid to the true evaluation of knowledge acquired at all stages of education. The examination systems will be made more effective.

u          The existing system of continual evaluation conducted by the schools for Classes I & II and the quarterly, half-yearly and annual evaluation system for the students of Class III and onward will continue. Effective continual evaluation system will be in practice for every class. The final examination on completion of Class V will be conducted at the Upazila/ Municipality/ Thana (big cities) with identical questions.

u          Public examination will be held on the completion of Class VIII. Initially, this examination will be known as Junior School Certificate (JSC).

u          On completion of Class X, a public examination will be held at the national level, which will be known as SSC Examination. On completion of Class XII, another public examination will be held, to be known as HSC Examination. For both the examinations, questions will be set in the creative method and evaluation will be done by gradation.

u          In the madrasa system, uniform question papers will be set, for the compulsory subjects (included for all streams) for Junior Dakhil, Dakhil and Alim Examinations.

u          There will be a uniform grading system for secondary, graduation and post-graduation levels.

Students’ Welfare and Counselling

v Strategies

u          Student welfare and counselling will be initiated and strengthened at all educational levels.

u          Teachers delivering counselling will be properly trained.

u          Students will be encouraged and helped out to take part in extra-curricular activities (such as, sports, debate, reading, essay competition, publication of magazines etc.).

u          Free textbooks are being provided to primary and secondary schools. This system will continue.

u          Nutritious lunch and primary health services will be provided for the primary and secondary students. There will be a standard medical centre at every college and   university with the provision for primary health services.

u          A working committee will be formed with teachers, guardians, students and community representatives to improve the environment of the schools at primary and secondary levels. Effective measures will be taken for higher education on the basis of an action plan.

Admission of the Students

v Strategies

u          In principle, there will be no admission test for Class I. But the schools where the number of admission-seekers far surpass the seats available, they may be allowed to conduct an admission test. Steps will be taken to introduce code numbers while taking the test and further in the publication of results at the post-primary and post-secondary levels so that neutrality can be maintained in the admission of the learners in the necessary classes.

u          All pubic universities will formulate appropriate rules and conduct a centralized selection test. This will include language-based (Bengali & English) and subject-based questions. The result of the previous public examinations will be properly considered and there will be principles for evaluation in this regard. Admission test process will be completed within one month after the publication of the result of HSC examination.

u          Teachers-students ratio will be considered in relating to the admission of students. Students cannot be admitted in violation of the standard ratio.

Teachers’ Training

v Strategies

u          Immediately after their recruitment, primary and secondary teachers will undergo 2-months’ foundation training and for the college teachers it will be of 4-months. The primary and secondary level teachers must take part in courses of C-in-Ed and B.Ed within 3-years of joining their posts.

u          The primary teachers training program known as C-in-Ed will be one year and a half instead of one. Modern strategies of teaching-learning and evaluation will be incorporated. Practical classes will continue for at least nine months in two phases through the introduction of internship.

u          Comprehensive training will be introduced for teachers at middle and senior levels to create qualified and confident officials in educational administration.

u          Internet connection will be provided to all educational and training institutions to help all academic staff/personnel update themselves with the latest information.

u          Universities will be encouraged to initiate training programs for the young/fresh faculty members.

Status, Rights and Responsibilities of Teachers

v Strategies

u          A separate pay scale will be introduced for teachers of all levels to enhance their  financial benefits.

u          opportunities of training for teachers at home and abroad will be created and stipends and training courses in the overseas countries will be made available to them.

u          Teachers selected on the basis of merit, efficiency and experience will be posted at different levels of educational administration and there will be opportunities of promotion for them.

u          Female teachers will not be discriminated for any reason whatsoever particularly in matters of recruitment. Equally qualified female teachers will enjoy priority particularly in primary and secondary education.

u          Primary school teachers will not be engaged in activities beyond their professional duties excepting during the vacations.

u          Teachers of government and non-government educational institutions will enjoy earned leave (EL) like others.

Curriculum, Syllabus and Textbooks


u          Curriculum, syllabus and textbooks of the compulsory courses at primary and secondary levels will be uniform and identical and will be followed and taught in all types of primary and secondary schools.

u          The curriculum and syllabus of all stages of educational levels including primary and secondary will reflect the spirit of liberation war, the context of liberation war, its spirit and factual narrative, language movement, the existing realities of the country, mother language, literature, culture and history.

u          The curriculum and syllabus at graduate and post-graduate levels will be redesigned/restructured to inspire the creativity and liberal thinking of the learners and they will feel initiated to newer researches so that they can move ahead with a strong foundation.

u          Textbooks of all levels will include in appropriate sections the context and spirit of language movement and liberation war, the factual history related to them and the narratives of heroism of the freedom fighters.

u          The textbooks at primary and secondary levels must be attractive and printed carefully and free distribution of those on schedule will be ensured.

Educational Administration

v The following laws, commissions and committees will be formed to help achieve the aims and objectives of Education Policy 2010:

u          Consolidated Education Act

u          Permanent National Education Commission

u          Non-government Teachers’ Recruitment Commission

u          Accreditation Council

u          Office of Chief Education Inspector

v          The existing Directorate of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education will be restructured into two separate directorates: Directorate of Secondary Education and Directorate of Higher Education and Research.

v          A separate Directorate for Madrasa education will be established for the management of Madrasa education.

v          The decentralization of NationalUniversity with the establishment of centers in each divisional headquarters is a must and this process will start soon.

Special points regardless of Educational Levels

u          All educational institutions, regardless of their levels and types, must be registered with appropriate authority.

u          Audit Report by External Auditors of the annual income statement of the registered educational institutions has to be submitted to the registered authority. Necessary laws will be enacted in this regard.

u          Appropriate remedial measures have to be taken to control and discourage private tuition and coaching centers as well as to bring an end to these practices.

u          Banks, private enterprises and philanthropist individuals will be encouraged for sponsoring education scholarships.

u          Necessary steps to be taken to encourage Bangla Academy to play a more effective role in developing Bangla language and translating modern foreign books into Bangla on a large scale, especially necessary textbooks for higher levels.

u          Necessary steps will be taken to strengthen and make the International Mother Language Institute more effective.

u          Effective coordination of the levels of education and differential responsibilities for management of those levels will be in place. There will be an effective inter-ministerial coordination of work (concluded).