Former motor racing champion Michael Schumacher’s condition has improved slightly after an operation to relieve pressure on his brain, his doctors have said.
A new scan taken overnight showed signs that he was “better than yesterday”, but he was still “not out of danger”, doctors said.
The seven-time Formula 1 champion suffered head injuries on Sunday in a skiing accident in the French Alps.
He was put in a medically-induced coma.
An initial scan on Monday night showed “an improved situation” and indicated a window of opportunity for a second operation, doctors said.
The family took the “difficult decision” to give consent for the procedure, and doctors operated on Schumacher for about two hours.
A subsequent scan revealed a “slight improvement”.
“We can’t say he is out of danger but… we have gained a bit of time,” said Dr Jean-Francois Payen. “The coming hours are crucial.
“All the family is very much aware that his state is still sensitive and anything can happen.”
Doctors said it was impossible to give a prognosis for his condition for tomorrow, six months’ or even a year’s time.
Schumacher had been skiing off-piste with his teenage son when he fell and hit his head on a rock.
He was first evacuated to a hospital in the nearby town of Moutiers.
Prof Chabardes said the driver was in an “agitated condition” on arrival in Moutiers and his neurological condition “deteriorated rapidly”.
He was taken from Moutiers to the larger facility in Grenoble.
Messages of support have come from around the world.
A spokesman for German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she and her government were, like millions of Germans, “extremely shocked”.
“We hope, with Michael Schumacher and with his family, that he can overcome and recover from his injuries,” the spokesman said.
Former Ferrari teammate Felipe Massa, who recovered from life-threatening head injuries he suffered at the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix, wrote on Instagram: “I am praying for you my brother! I hope you have a quick recovery! God bless you, Michael.”
On Monday some fans had gathered outside the hospital in Grenoble.
Nuravil Raimbekov, a student from Kyrgyzstan who is studying nearby, described Schumacher as an inspiration.
“I’m worried, of course… but I still hope, and I will pray for him,” he said.
Schumacher is held in a great deal of affection in the area, says the BBC’s Imogen Foulkes in Grenoble. He is seen as a kind and generous man who has done a lot for charity.
The former champion, who turns 45 on 3 January, retired from F1 for a second time in 2012.
He won seven world championships and secured 91 race victories during his 19-year career.
The driver won two titles with Benetton, in 1994 and 1995, before switching to Ferrari in 1996 and going on to win five straight titles from 2000.
He retired in 2006, and was seriously hurt in a motorcycling accident in Spain three years later, during which he suffered neck and spine injuries.
Schumacher managed to recover and made a comeback in F1 with Mercedes in 2010.
After three seasons which yielded just one podium finish, he quit the sport at the end of last year.